The Fisgard Lighthouse sits at the mouth of Esquimalt Harbour in Victoria, British Columbia.
ECOLOGICAL RESERVE AND MARINE PROTECTED AREA
Race Rocks Lighthouse is majestic icon on Vancouver Islandʼs coastline with its striking black and white striped tower rising above the sea. It is the second oldest lighthouse on the Canadian Pacific, with close-by Fisgard Lighthouse being only six weeks its senior. The lighthouseʼs lantern was lit for the first time on December 26 of 1860. It was a much needed beacon of light to guide ships moving down the sometimes treacherous Strait of Juan de Fuca in darkness or foggy conditions. Race Rocks is located 16km (10 miles) from Victoria, being passed by all ships coming from the open Pacific Ocean to ports in Victoria, Vancouver, Seattle, the Inside Passage, and other smaller destinations.
ESTABLISHED AS AN ECOLOGICAL RESERVE IN 1990
Trial Island Lighthouse is situated in the Strait of Jun de Fuca just off the shores of Oak Bay in Victoria, British Columbia. The lighthouse was built in 1906 to warn passing ships of the chain of islands and the shallow surrounding waters. The channel between Oak Bay and Trial Islandʼs rocky outcrops is only 300 feet wide with strong tides flowing through it. During war times, after British naval boats were refitted in Esquimalt Harbour, they were taken on a sea trial to test the repairs. The vessels sailed to the island and back and thus it was given the name Trial Island.
The Chain Islets and Great Chain Island lie between Trial Island and Discovery and Chatham Islands, 2km off the coast of Victoria, British Columbia. It consists of approximately 18 small rocky outcrops and the large Great Chain Island. During high tides, several of the islets disappear below the waterline.
Discovery Island lies in Canadian waters at the eastern end of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, marking the beginning of Haro Strait. It was named after British explorer Georges Vancouverʼs boat, the HMS Discovery, which explored the coast of British Columbia in 1846. Chatham Island lies next to Discovery Island, and was named after the HMS Discoveryʼs escort ship, the HMS Chatham. The island is a Marine Provincial Park, making it an attractive destination for kayakers and hikers who only have to paddle 3 miles over from Oak Bay. The northern side of the island is Songhees First Nations Reserve lands.
Chatham Island is located on the northern side of Discovery Island at the eastern edge of the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Similar to Discovery Island, it was named after the explorer Georges Vancouverʼs escort ship, the HMS Chatham.
The Esquimalt Harbour sits just west of the Victoria Harbour, and is home to the Canadian Pacific Naval Base.
Ogden Point is a deep water port for large boats and cruise ships located in Victoria Harbor. It also serves as a ship repair location and supply dock. Building of Ogden Point began in the early twentieth century when an increase in shipping was expected due to the opening of the Panama Canal.
Oak Bay is a seaside community on the eastern end of the city of Victoria.
The Olympic Mountains rise from the Olympic Peninsula in Washington state, USA. The majority of the Olympic peaks are snow-capped year round.
Mount Baker is one of the most picturesque landmarks east of Vancouver Island.
Mount Rainier is part of the Cascade Mountain Range in Washington, USA.
The Strait of Juan de Fuca is a 153 km (95 miles) long channel of water that lies between southern Vancouver Island and the Olympic Peninsula in Washington. It encompasses what is known as the Salish Sea and extends out to the open Pacific Ocean. All vessels coming from the Pacific Ocean and heading to ports in Victoria, Vancouver, Seattle, the Inside Passage and other smaller locations must pass through the Strait of Juan de Fuca. It is known as the busiest shipping lane on the Pacific seaboard. This channel can experience rough seas due to exposure to westerly winds and waves from the open Pacific.
Haro Strait is a channel of water that connects the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the Strait of Georgia.
The Strait of Georgia is a body of water than runs 240km between Vancouver Island and mainland British Columbia.